NET PROFIT MARGIN (NPM Pre-Tax) incorporates all of the expenses associated with ordinary business (excluding taxes) thus is a measure of the overall operating efficiency of the firm prior to any tax considerations which may mask performance. For a business to be viable in the long term profits must be generated; making the net profit margin ratio one of the key performance indicators for any business. It is important to analyze the ratio over time. A variation in the ratio from year-to-year may be due to abnormal conditions or expenses which need to be addressed. A decline in the ratio over time may indicate a margin squeeze suggesting that productivity improvements may need to be initiated. In some cases, the costs of such improvements may lead to a further drop in the ratio or even losses before increased profitability is achieved. Formula: Net Earnings / Net Revenue
DAIRY QUEEN ACCOUNTING is a figure of speech from the steel industry meaning that some people dont know if they are doing accounting for Dairy Queen or a steel mill.
CAPITAL REDEMPTION RESERVE, in Great Britain, the S170 Companies Act 1985 provides that where shares of a company are redeemed or purchased wholly out of the company's profits, or by a fresh issue the amount by which the company's issued share capital is diminished on cancellation of the shares shall be transferred to a reserve called the 'capital redemption reserve'. It also provides that the reduction of the company's share capital shall be treated as if the capital redemption reserve were paid up capital of the company.
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