NIAT is Net Income After Taxes.
DEDICATED TRANSACTIONS, in securities, is a list all the transactions (including cash) for each portfolio together with any relevant fees and notes. And, not only can one monitor profit/loss but you can also chart the historical valuation of a portfolio, monitor the annualized rate of return, compare portfolio performance against indices or sectors and chart the performance of different constituents of a portfolio on a single chart.
TRACEABILITY, COST is where businesses rely on linking or tracing costs to outputs; managerial or cost accounting provides managers this information. Management accountants strive to establish causal relationships between costs and cost objects to determine why costs were incurred. The process of tracing costs to cost objects forges a necessary link so that ultimately costs can be traced to outputs, even if at an aggregated level to their main categories: Direct Costs, Indirect Costs, and General and Administrative Costs.
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