NONREFUNDABLE BOND is a bond issue that cannot be redeemed for a stated period of time using the proceeds from a new, lower-cost issue to finance the refunding. The bond can still be called without a refunding, but the company must use internal capital or equity funds to retire the issue. This provides some protection to the bondholder if interest rates decline significantly.
SPENDING LEVEL is the true expenditure or cash outlay of any entity in a given category or budgetary area.
ASSET REVALUATION RESERVE is an accounting concept and represents a reassessment of the value of a capital asset as at a particular date. The reserve is considered a category of the equity of the entity. An asset is originally recorded in the accounts at its cost and depreciated periodically over its estimated useful life as a measure of the amount of the assets value consumed in that period. In practice, the actual useful life of an asset can be miscalculated or an event can cause a change to the useful life. Consequently, assets occasionally need to be revalued in order to reflect a more close approximation to their "worth" in the accounts. When the asset is revalued, the offsetting entry (in a double entry accounting system) would be either made to the profit or loss accounts or to the equity of the entity.
Enter a term, then click the entry you would like to view.