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NORMATIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY is where theorists tend to advocate their opinions on accounting based upon subjective opinion, deductive logic, and inductive methods. In the final analysis, nearly all standards are based upon normative theory. Generally conclude that some accounting rule is better or worse than its alternatives. Normative theorists tend to rely heavily upon anecdotal evidence (e.g., examples of fraud) that generally fails to meet tests of academic rigor. For example, the Wizard reported that Montgomery Ward would fail. However, the Wizard always reports that every company will fail or lose its self identity in a pattern of acquisitions and mergers. Eventually, he will always be correct.

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ACCRUAL BOND is a bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid out to the investor during the time of accrual; instead, the accrual interest is added to the amount of remaining principal and paid at maturity. Also known as an accretion bond or a Z-bond in a CMO issue. See Collateralized Mortgage Obligation.

DOLLARIZATION is the use of U.S. dollars by a country as its own currency; the linking of a currency's value to that of the U.S. dollar; or, the use of the U.S. dollar for accounting purposes.

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