NORMATIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY is where theorists tend to advocate their opinions on accounting based upon subjective opinion, deductive logic, and inductive methods. In the final analysis, nearly all standards are based upon normative theory. Generally conclude that some accounting rule is better or worse than its alternatives. Normative theorists tend to rely heavily upon anecdotal evidence (e.g., examples of fraud) that generally fails to meet tests of academic rigor. For example, the Wizard reported that Montgomery Ward would fail. However, the Wizard always reports that every company will fail or lose its self identity in a pattern of acquisitions and mergers. Eventually, he will always be correct.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTION CONFIRMATION REQUEST is a confirmation sent to the client's bank or other financial institution asking the bank to confirm directly to the auditor information about balances at a particular date.
JUST-IN-TIME (JIT) is a management philosophy that strives to eliminate sources of manufacturing waste and cost by producing the right part in the right place at the right time.
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