OFFSETTING ENTRY see OFFSET.
CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING is aimed at protecting consumption patterns from the impact of shocks, and can take effect either before or after their occurrence. Post-shock responses include modifying consumption, raising income by mobilizing labor or selling assets, drawing on informal or formal sources of savings, or activating claims on informal insurance mechanisms.
APPRAISAL is a report made by a qualified person setting forth an opinion or estimate of value.
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