OPEN ACCOUNT is a non-guaranteed payment arrangement, e.g. similar to department store credit. Goods are purchased and delivered without payment. Future payment for delivered goods is dependent on the good faith of the purchaser.
RISK ADJUSTED RETURN is when we subtract from the rate of return on an asset a rate of return from another asset that has similar risk. This gives an abnormal rate of return that shows how the asset performed over and above a benchmark asset with the same risk. We can also use the beta against the benchmark to calculate an alpha which is also risk adjusted performance.
CURRENCY MEASUREMENT is part of determining the "functional currency" that mainly influences sales prices for goods / services. It will often be the currency in which denominated and settled: a. of country whose competitive forces and regulations mainly determine sales prices for goods / services; b. that mainly influences labor, material and other costs of providing goods / services; or, as stated, c. will often be the currency in which transactions are denominated and settled.
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