OPEN BALANCE EQUITY is an account that is automatically created by QuickBooks whenever a company is created. It is an equity account similar to Retained Earnings or Owner Capital. The Open Balance Equity account is basically a "plug" account used by QuickBooks to balance a transaction (basic accounting debits=credits). QuickBooks will enter a balance in the Open Balance Equity account for two reasons: beginning account balances or forced adjustments.
WINDFALL PROFIT/GAIN is profit that occurs suddenly as a result of an event not controlled by the company or person realizing the gain from the event. For example, a hurricane may bring extraordinary revenue to a roofing contractor as a result of the natural disaster.
DISCRETIONARY COST can be increased or decreased at the discretion of the decision maker (e.g., advertising and business travel).
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