OPEN MARKET VALUE (OMV) is an opinion of the best price at which the sale of an interest in an asset would have been completed unconditionally for cash consideration on the date of valuation, assuming:
a. a willing seller;
b. that, prior to the date of valuation, there had been a reasonable period (having regard to the nature of the asset and state of the market) for the proper marketing of the interest, for the agreement of price and terms and for the completion of the sale;
c. that the state of the market, level of values and other circumstances were, on any earlier assumed date of exchange of contracts, the same as on the date of valuation;
d. that no account is taken of any additional bid by a purchaser with a special interest; and
e. that both parties to the transaction had acted knowledgeably, prudently and without compulsion.
SHORT SALE is the selling of a security that the seller does not own, or any sale that is completed by the delivery of a security borrowed by the seller. Such sales are made in anticipation of a decline in the price of the security to enable the seller to cover the sale with a purchase at a later date, at a lower price, and thus at a profit. Short sellers assume the risk that they will be able to buy the stock at a more favorable price than the price at which they sold short.
BENEFIT see TAXABLE BENEFITS.
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