OPERATING INCOME is revenue less cost of goods sold and related operating expenses that are applied to the day-to-day operating activities of the company. It excludes financial related items (i.e., interest income, dividend income, and interest expense), extraordinary items, and taxes.
NONCOMPETITIVE BID, in securities, is a bid allowed to be placed on a noncompetitive basis by the U.S. Treasury at one of its securities auctions. A bidder in this case does not specify the price at which it wishes to purchase these securities. However, at the close of bidding, it is awarded all or part of the number of bonds it asked for at the average price of all the accepted competitive bids.
ARTICULATION, in business, is the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made. In the spoken word, it is expressing in coherent verbal form.
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