OPERATIONAL GEARING Definition

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OPERATIONAL GEARING is the higher the proportion of fixed costs relative to variable operating costs, the higher the operational gearing. This results in greater business risk. A retailer has high fixed costs relative to variable costs, so has a lot of business risk. See GEARING and FINANCIAL GEARING.

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BLOCK TRADE is a purchase or sale of a large quantity of stock of 10,000 shares or more. For purposes of NASD Rule 6541 regarding Limit Order Protection, a block trade is defined as one for 10,000 shares or more and greater than $20,000 in value.

FIXED EXPENSES in the operation of a business are those expenses that remain the same regardless of production or sales volume, i.e. do not fluctuate with sales volume. Contrast with VARIABLE EXPENSES.

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