OPTION is the formal reservation of the right to buy or sell property / assets at a certain price and / or within a given time in the future, e.g. a contract allowing, but not requiring, the holder to buy (call) or sell (put) a specific security at a specified price during a specified time period or on a specified date. Options may trade on exchanges or overthe-counter.
SECURITY dependent upon usage is: a. a guarantee that an obligation will be met; b. defense against financial failure; financial independence; c. property that your creditor can claim in case you default on your obligation; or, d. a formal declaration that documents a fact of relevance to finance and investment; the holder of which has a right to receive interest or dividends, e.g. stocks and bonds.
SALES DISCOUNT is a reduction in the selling price usually as an inducement to consummate a sale. Sales Discount is on the income statement as a deduction from Gross Sales to get Net Sales.
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