ORIGINAL ISSUE DISCOUNT is when a long-term debt instrument is issued at a price that is lower than its stated redemption value; the difference is called Original Issue Discount (OID).
ENTERPRISE VALUE (EV) is a measure of a companys value. Enterprise value is calculated by: market capitalization plus debt and preferred shares minus cash and cash equivalents. In effect, enterprise value is the theoretical takeover price, i.e., in the event of a buyout an acquirer would have to take on the companys debt but would pocket its cash.
STRIPS, in securities, is dividing a Treasury bond or mortgage-backed security into its principal and interest payments and selling the claims to these payments as new and separate securities. The principal portion is called a principal only (PO) security, and the interest portion is called an interest only (IO) security
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