ORIGINAL Z-SCORE Definition

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ORIGINAL Z-SCORE (For Public Manufacturer) If the Z-Score is 3.0 or above - bankruptcy is not likely. If the Z-Score is 1.8 or less - bankruptcy is likely. A score between 1.8 and 3.0 is the gray area. Probabilities of bankruptcy within the above ranges are 95% for one year and 70% within two years. Obviously a higher Z-Score is desirable.

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IRD, dependent upon usage, can mean Interest Rate Derivatives (finance), Inland Revenue Department (New Zealands tax revenue collection department), or Interest Rate Differential.

SUPPLY AND DEMAND, in economic theory, the law of supply and demand is considered one of the fundamental principles governing an economy. It is described as the state where as supply increases the price will tend to drop or vice versa, and as demand increases the price will tend to increase or vice versa. Basically this is a principle that most people intuitively grasp regarding the relationship of goods and services against the demand for those goods and services.

When supply and demand are in balance, the economy is said to be in equilibrium between price and quantity. 

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