OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (OCI) is part of total comprehensive income but is generally excluded from net income. Prior to SFAS 130, these three items' foreign currency translation adjustments, minimum pension liability adjustments, and unrealized gains or losses on available-for-sale investments'were disclosed as separate components of stockholders' equity on the balance sheet. Under SFAS 130, they are to be reported as OCI. Furthermore, they must be reported separately, as FASB decided that information about each component is more important than information about the aggregate. Later, net unrealized losses on SFAS 133 derivatives were also included in the definition of OCI. The intent of SFAS 130 was that 'if used with related disclosures and other information in financial statements, the information provided by reporting comprehensive income would assist investors, creditors, and other financial statement users in assessing an enterprise's economic activities and its timing and magnitude of future cash flows.'
SETOFF is the discharge of a debt by setting against it a distinct claim in favor of the debtor.
INDIRECT SHAREHOLDING is when one entity directly holds shares of another entity that owns shares of a third but different entity, for example, Shareholder A would have an indirect shareholding of Company C if Shareholder A directly owns shares of Company B while Company B owns shares of Company C.
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