OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS includes long-term assets not included into the investments, fixed, or intangible assets categories. Those other assets may be that part of prepaid expenses that will start expiring more than a year after the balance sheet date, or the cash surrender value of life insurance on company officers, etc.
EQUITY FUNDING see EQUITY CAPITAL.
NATURAL CLASSIFICATION of costs focuses on the nature of the cost item. In this classification structure, the total operating costs of an activity can be classified into manufacturing costs and commercial costs. Manufacturing costs include all direct materials and direct labor, as well as, factory overhead. Such factory overhead costs include indirect materials (such as factory supplies & lubricants), indirect labor (such as supervision and inspection) and other indirect costs (such as rent, insurance, and utilities). Commercial expenses include marketing expenses (such as advertising, printing, and sales salaries) and administrative (general and administrative (G&A)) expenses (such as administrative office salaries, rent, and legal expenses).
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