OVERHAUL is to rebuild, make repairs or adjustments to, e.g. an overhaul expense would be the expenditures incurred in making the subject item(s) acceptable once again.
MASTER BUDGET formalizes the whole budget system into one single final document in which all the operational budgets flow; its goal is to draft the main economic and financial statements. However, dependent upon the individual or geographic location, is variously contains the cash budget only; or the income statement and the balance sheet combined; or the income statement and the balance sheet and the cash budget combined.
CONVEXITY is the price change that occurs for a bond not accounted for or predicted by modified dU1"ation. Convexity explains why price change estimates using modified duration increase in error as the yield changes, generally by more than 100 basis points. Bonds with positive (negative) convexity have increased (decreased) duration as interest rates fall (rise). Bonds with positive convexity, such as those with put options, have returns higher than those predicted by duration alone. Mortgage-backed securities and callable bonds generally have negative convexity, which means that the price increase predicted by duration for a steep rate decline is too high.
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