P/E RATIO (PRICE/EARNINGS RATIO) is a stock analysis statistic in which the current price of a stock (todays last sale price) is divided by the reported actual (or sometimes projected, which would be forecast) earnings per share of the issuing firm; it is also called the "multiple".
ACTUAL CASH VALUE (ACV) is the common method of determining the amount of reimbursement for a loss. Normally calculated by determining what it will cost to replace an item at the time of loss after subtracting depreciation.
CONTRACT FOR DIFFERENCE (CFD) is an agreement to exchange the difference between the opening and closing price of the position under the contract on various financial instruments. CFD trading is an effective and convenient speculative instrument for trading shares, indices, futures and commodities. Contract for difference trading allows investors to take long or short positions, and unlike futures contracts have no fixed expiry date or contract size. Trades are conducted on a leveraged basis with margins typically ranging from 1% to 30% of the notional value for CFDs on leading equities.
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