PENNY STOCK RULES, SEC Rule 15g-9, known as the Penny Stock Rules, is designed to prevent deceptive or manipulative practices. It provides that a broker cannot sell a Penny Stock to any person unless it has approved that person's account for penny stock transactions and the broker/dealer has received in writing from customer agreement to the transaction. Approving an account includes, among other things, reviewing the customer's financial data and determining the customer's suitability, including the capability to evaluate the risks of trading in penny stocks. Some types of transactions in penny stocks are exempt from these rules. Exempt transactions include those with an established customer (a customer of more than one year or one who has made at least three separate penny stock purchases) and transactions in which the customer is an institutional investor.
SUCCESSOR AUDITOR is the auditor of a client for the current year when that client had another auditor in prior years. The auditor who no longer audits that client is the predecessor auditor.
ADJUSTED BOOK VALUE is the value that results after one or more asset or liability amounts are added, deleted, or changed from their respective financial statement amounts. It can be stated in either one of two ways, i.e. Tangible Book Value or Economic Book Value (also known as Book Value at Market). Tangible Book Value is different than Economic Book Value in that it deducts from asset value intangible assets, which are assets that are not hard (e.g., goodwill, patents, capitalized start-up expenses and deferred financing costs).
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