PIPE Definition

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PIPE (Private Investment in Public Equity) refers to any private placement of securities of an already-public company that is made to selected accredited investors (usually to selected institutional accredited investors) wherein investors enter into a purchase agreement committing them to purchase securities and, usually, requiring the issuer to file a resale registration statement covering the resale from time to time of the securities the investors purchased in the private placement. PIPE transactions may involve the sale of common stock, convertible preferred stock, convertible debentures, warrants, or other equity or equity-like securities of an already-public company. There are a number of common PIPE transactions, including:

  • the sale of common stock at a fixed price;
  • the sale of common stock at a fixed price, together with fixed price warrants;
  • the sale of common stock at a fixed price, together with resettable or variable priced warrants;
  • the sale of common stock at a variable price;
  • the sale of convertible preferred stock or convertible debt; and
  • a venture-style private placement for an already-public company.

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SUPPLY AND DEMAND, in economic theory, the law of supply and demand is considered one of the fundamental principles governing an economy. It is described as the state where as supply increases the price will tend to drop or vice versa, and as demand increases the price will tend to increase or vice versa. Basically this is a principle that most people intuitively grasp regarding the relationship of goods and services against the demand for those goods and services.

When supply and demand are in balance, the economy is said to be in equilibrium between price and quantity. 

NSF CHECK see NOT SUFFICIENT FUNDS (NSF) CHECK.

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