POLITICAL COSTS HYPOTHESIS Definition

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POLITICAL COSTS HYPOTHESIS predicts that firms with low agency and political costs and effective shareholders monitoring will distribute cash dividend and those with moderate agency and political costs may use stock dividends in lieu of cash dividends to separate themselves from firms having high agency and political costs. This indicates that cash dividend firms will face better long-term stock market valuation of their shares than stock dividend firms.

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INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL STATEMENT (ICS) provides: a. Insights into the user's situation (= the customers situation) b. Insight into the colleague's skills and improvements of teamwork; c. Insight in the practical skills e.g. craftsmanship: from knowing how to develop and improve production methods to be capable of handling information technology etc.; d. Insights in the know-how represented in the company's processes and systems and how these can be used to improve the quality of products or services; e. Insight in the motivation or commitment as regards the further development of the company's products and services; f. Insight in the future needs for knowledge; g. Insight in the skills, competencies and qualification that can make a difference to the company.

DATA EVENT ANALYSIS is the examination of something which happens within the business environment which the company needs to know about and which must be recorded in the company memory, that is, the company files. A data event may be externally or internally generated and may occur through some action being taken or merely as a result of the passage of time. The occurrence of data events recorded in some manner. Data event analysis determines what information must be recorded such that the event can be recalled and acted upon. It must also determine how that event became known to the company; that is, what triggered the company awareness of the event?

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