POOL is: 1. a group of people organized for a specific purpose or any communal combination of funds; 2. in capital budgeting, the concept that investment projects are financed out of a pool of bonds, preferred stock, and common stock, and a weighted-average cost; 3. in insurance, a group of insurers who share premiums; and 4. in investments, the combination of funds for the benefit of a common project, or a group of investors who use their combined influence to manipulate prices.
TARGET COSTING is a disciplined process for determining and realizing a total cost at which a proposed product with specified functionality must be produced to generate the desired profitability at its anticipated selling price in the future.
PRINCIPAL is: a. a person who has controlling authority (e.g. the CEO or owner of a company) or is in a leading position (part owners of a legal entity) or, b. a matter or thing of primary importance, e.g. is the amount of a loan, excluding interest, or the amount you invest, excluding income.
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