POSITIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY Definition

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POSITIVE ACCOUNTING THEORY is where theorists tend to explain why some accounting practices are more popular than others (e.g., because they increase management compensation). They tend to support their conclusions with inductive theory and empirical evidence as opposed to deductive methods. Generally avoid advocacy of one accounting rule as being better or worse than its alternatives. Positivists are inspired by anecdotal evidence, but anecdotal evidence is never permitted without more rigorous and controlled scientific investigation.

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NET RECEIVABLES are a companys accounts receivable (money owed to the company) minus any provisions for bad debts. A firm with a sustainable competitive advantage shows a lower percentage net receivables to gross sales than their competitors, i.e. a firm with a sustainable competitive advantage need not be generous with credit.

TAKE OR PAY AGREEMENT is where a buyer must pay for the contracted amount of the contracted item(s) delivered whether or not he/she can take delivery.

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