PREFERRED STOCK, usually, non-voting capital stock that pays dividends at a specified rate and has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and the liquidation of assets. A firm with a distinct sustainable competitive advantage is one that does not have preferred stock.
ACID-TEST RATIO is an analysis method used to measure the liquidity of a business by dividing total liquid assets by current liabilities.
AVERAGE PAYMENT PERIOD (APP) is the number of days an entity takes to pay off credit purchases. As the average payment period increases, cash should increase as well, but working capital will remain the same. Formula: accounts payable / (total annual purchases / 360).
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