PREREFUNDING is the the issuing of new securities to refund an outstanding security. Proceeds from the new securities are used to buy instruments, usually U.S. Treasuries, to be held in escrow for the purpose of retiring bonds or preferred stock.
SCOPE PARAGRAPH, in accounting, is the paragraph in the audit report that explains the scope of the engagement.
COMMON SIZED PERCENTAGES are financial statements in which each item is expressed as a percentage of a major financial statement component. In the Income Statement, each "Common Size %" is the field amount expressed as a percent of "Net Revenues." In the Balance Sheet, each "Common Size %" is the amount in the category as a percent of Total Assets. Common sized financial statements can be used to: a. identify key structural changes in a company's financial data over a period of time; b. more easily compare the financial data of firms that vary significantly in size; and, c. compare a company's financial data to industry norms.
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