PRICE EARNINGS MULTIPLE: The price-earnings ratio (P/E) is simply the price of a companys share of common stock in the public market divided by its earnings per share. Multiply this multiple by the net income and you will have a value for the business. If the business has no income, there is no valuation. If the common stock in not publicly traded, valuation of the stock is purely subjective. This may not be the best method, but can provide a benchmark valuation.
BOND PREMIUM is the excess of the issue price over the face value of the bond.
BROUGHT FORWARD is the recognition of a value that was determined in the past, e.g. an accumulated balance brought forward at the start of a new accounting period.
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