PRIMARY DATA Definition

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PRIMARY DATA is data that has not been previously published, i.e. the data is derived from a new or orgiinal research study and collected at the source, e.g., in marketing, it is information that is obtained directly from first-hand sources by means of surveys, observation or experimentation.

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DEFEASANCE is a. the release of a debtor from the primary obligation for a debt. A legal defeasance could take place in absolute terms, i.e., the debt could cease to exist for anyone (by being forgiven or set aside), or the creditor could formally recognize that another party has taken over the primary obligation for the debt; and, b. in securities, a technique used by bond issuers to dis­charge old, low-rate debt by purchasing a smaller amount of higher-yielding U.S. Treasury debt. The Treasuries are held in trust to service the old debt being retired.

LEVERAGE is property rising or falling at a proportionally greater amount than comparable investments. For example, an option is said to have high leverage relative to the underlying stock because a price change in the stock may result in a relatively large increase or decrease in the value of the option. In general, in finance, leverage is the use of debt financing. Leverage, within a corporation, is the use of borrowed money to increase the return on investment. For leverage to be positive, the rate of return on the investment must be higher than the cost of the money borrowed.

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