PRINCIPLES-BASED ACCOUNTING provides for few exact rules and little implementation guidance. Instead, general principles are put forward and companies must ensure that their financial statements fairly and accurately represent these principles. Proponents argue that this type of system does not allow for less than ethical financial engineering, where complex transactions are undertaken in order to get around following specific rules-based accounting standards. Critics believe a principles-based system allows too much leeway for companies, because they generally do not have to follow specific rules, only wide-arching principles. See also RULES-BASED ACCOUNTING.
MANAGEMENT EXPENSE is the management fee deducted from a funds average net assets to pay an advisor or sub-advisor. This fee is normally on a sliding scale. As the net assets of the fund increase, the percentage deducted for management fees decreases. A fund can also have a fixed rate or flat fee to compensate the advisor.
LBO see LEVERAGED BUY-OUT.
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