PROFIT AND LOSS SHARING (PLS) is the method utilized in Islamic banking to comply with the prohibition of interest. The Islamic solution, commonly referred to as Profit & Loss Sharing (PLS), suggests an equitable sharing of risks and profits between the parties involved in a financial transaction. In the banking business, there are three parties - the entrepreneur or the actual user of capital, the bank which serves as a partial user of capital funds and as a financial intermediary, and the depositors in the bank who are the suppliers of savings or capital funds. There are two different partnerships of the type mentioned in Islam: the partnership between the depositors and the bank, and the partnership between the entrepreneur (or the borrower) and the bank. Under this proposal, financial institutions will not receive a fixed rate of interest on their outstanding loans, rather, they share in profits or in losses of the business owner to whom they have provided the funds. Similarly, those individuals who deposit their funds in a bank will share in the profit/loss of the financial institution.
CASH-CARD is a credit card that entitles the holder to receive cash.
CALL PROVISION is a. a provision of a bond or preferred stock issue, listed in its indenture (the formal agreement between the bond issuer and the holder) that allows the issuer to redeem the bond before the maturity date either at par or at a premium to par; or, b. a clause in a mortgage giving the lender the right to demand and receive payment of the balance of the unpaid principal in full under certain conditions. A call provision is similar to an acceleration clause.
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