PROFIT AND LOSS SHARING (PLS) is the method utilized in Islamic banking to comply with the prohibition of interest. The Islamic solution, commonly referred to as Profit & Loss Sharing (PLS), suggests an equitable sharing of risks and profits between the parties involved in a financial transaction. In the banking business, there are three parties - the entrepreneur or the actual user of capital, the bank which serves as a partial user of capital funds and as a financial intermediary, and the depositors in the bank who are the suppliers of savings or capital funds. There are two different partnerships of the type mentioned in Islam: the partnership between the depositors and the bank, and the partnership between the entrepreneur (or the borrower) and the bank. Under this proposal, financial institutions will not receive a fixed rate of interest on their outstanding loans, rather, they share in profits or in losses of the business owner to whom they have provided the funds. Similarly, those individuals who deposit their funds in a bank will share in the profit/loss of the financial institution.
PRE-OPERATING COSTS are costs that are deferred until the related assets are ready for revenue service at which time the costs are charged to operations.
VISION is a concise written statement defining the mid-long term (3-5 year) strategy of the organization. The vision is the summary statement of how the organization wants/intends to be perceived by the world. The statement is external/market oriented, brief (1-3 sentences), and stated in “visionary,” colorful terms. Example: “Become the respected leader in financial services with a focus on end-to-end customer relationships and satisfaction, resulting in optimized balance sheets for our partners.”
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