PROFIT AND LOSS STATEMENT (P&L) is also known as an income statement. It shows your business revenue and expenses for a specific period of time. The difference between the total revenue and the total expense is your business net income. A key element of this statement, and one that distinguishes it from a balance sheet, is that the amounts shown on the statement represent transactions over a period of time while the items represented on the balance sheet show information as of a specific date (or point in time).
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE is the system by which business corporations are directed and controlled. The corporate governance structure specifies the distribution of rights and responsibilities among different participants in the corporation, such as, the board, managers, shareholders and other stakeholders, and spells out the rules and procedures for making decisions on corporate affairs. By doing this, it also provides the structure through which the company objectives are set, and the means of attaining those objectives and monitoring performance.
MARGINAL BENEFIT takes into account the fact that the more an entity has or devotes to something, the less benefit that is likely to be derived from the additional units applied, e.g. additional labor hours expended to complete a task can be of questionable benefit if parts, tools, or machines cannot optimally absorb the additional labor applied, i.e. the additional hours devoted would be of marginal benefit.
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