PRO-FORMA INVOICE is a price quote. It is written as an invoice, and, in effect, says: This is the purchase price and terms we are offering.

LOMBARD RATE is the rate at which the Bundesbank, the German central bank, lends funds to banks as short-term credit. It is normally at least one percentage point above the discount rate and is regarded as an important international indicator.

FLAT INTEREST refers to charging interest on the full original loan amount, rather than on the declining balance. With group based loans, for example, a common "interest rate" is "3% per month, flat, for 4 months". This means that a $100 principal amount lent is multiplied by 3%, and then by 4 months to come up with $12 in interest. Thus, $112 would be repaid over 4 months in equal installments.

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