PURCHASES BUDGET is a budget of the expected usage of materials in production and the purchase of the direct materials required. See OPERATING BUDGET.
DIVIDEND CAPITALIZATION: Since most closely held companies do not pay dividends, when using dividend capitalization valuators must first determine dividend paying capacity of a business. Dividend paying capacity based on average net income and on average cash flow are used. To determine dividend paying capacity, near term capital needs, expansion plans, debt repayment, operation cushion, contractual requirements, past dividend paying history of a business and dividends of a comparable company should be investigated. After analyzing these factors, percent of average net income and of average cash flow that can be used for the payment of dividends can be estimated. What also must be determined is the dividend yield, which can best be determined by analyzing comparable companies. As with the price earnings ratio method, this usually produces a subjective result.
LEHMAN FORMULA is a compensation formula originally developed by investment bankers Lehman Brothers for investment banking services:
- 5% of the first million dollars involved in the transaction for services rendered
- 4% of the second million
- 3% of the third million
- 2% of the fourth million
- 1% of everything thereafter (above $4 million)
NOTE: Most investment bankers now require an additional multiplier to offset inflation.
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