QUICK RATIO (or Acid Test Ratio) is a more rigorous test than the Current Ratio of short-run solvency, the current ability of a firm to pay its current debts as they come due. This ratio considers only cash, marketable securities (cash equivalents) and accounts receivable because they are considered to be the most liquid forms of current assets. A Quick Ratio less than 1.0 implies "dependency" on inventory and other current assets to liquidate short-term debt. Formula: (Cash + Cash Equivalents + Accounts Receivable) / Total Liabilities
EQUITY SHARE is a. a share or class of shares whether or not the share carries voting rights, b. any warrants, options or rights entitling their holders to purchase or acquire the shares referred to under (a), or c. other prescribed securities. An equity share is a perpetual liability because it signifies an owners legal demand upon the assets of the entity in which the equity share if held. See also COMMON STOCK.
OVERSOLD is the state of the market when much more selling occurs than is warranted by market conditions. If investors and speculators sell large amounts of securities, including short sales, over a period of time, at some point the market will become oversold and buying is likely to increase. Depending upon the degree of buying, prices will either stop falling or will rise. A rise in prices under these conditions is known as a technical rally.
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