RATIO is the relative size, expressed as the number of times one quantity is contained in another (for example, the ratio of assets to liabilities of a company having total assets of $200,000 and liabilities of $150,000 would be $200,000 divided by $150,000 = 1.33).
JOINT STOCK COMPANY is a company that has some features of a corporation and some features of a partnership. This type of company has access to the liquidity and financial reserves of stock markets as a corporation, however, as in a partnership; the stockholders are liable for company debts and have additional restrictions of a partnership.
SUBORDINATED DEBENTURE, in securities, is a debt issue whose claim on assets is subordinated to that of general creditors in the event of a liquidation, as stated in the bond indenture.
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