REALIZED GAIN/LOSS, in securities, is a capital gain or loss on securities held in a portfolio that has become actual by the sale or other type of surrender of one or many securities. See also CAPITAL GAIN.
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OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (OCI) is part of total comprehensive income but is generally excluded from net income. Prior to SFAS 130, these three items' foreign currency translation adjustments, minimum pension liability adjustments, and unrealized gains or losses on available-for-sale investments'were disclosed as separate components of stockholders' equity on the balance sheet. Under SFAS 130, they are to be reported as OCI. Furthermore, they must be reported separately, as FASB decided that information about each component is more important than information about the aggregate. Later, net unrealized losses on SFAS 133 derivatives were also included in the definition of OCI. The intent of SFAS 130 was that 'if used with related disclosures and other information in financial statements, the information provided by reporting comprehensive income would assist investors, creditors, and other financial statement users in assessing an enterprise's economic activities and its timing and magnitude of future cash flows.'
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