REBATE is a. payment to a customer upon completion of a purchase as an inducement or sales promotion tactic; b. unearned interest refunded to borrower if the loan is paid off prior to maturity; c. amount paid back or credit allowed because of an over-collection or the return of an object sold (i.e., a refund).

LABOR THROUGHPUT VARIANCE reveals potential constraints on throughput caused by changes in the mix of products being produced. It is computed the way the traditional labor "efficiency" variance is computed but aggregated at a fairly high level (e.g., total plant or total department) and expressed as percent of actual clocked production hours vs. standard production hours.

EXPECTED VALUE OF PERFECT INFORMATION (EVPI) is the difference between the expected value with (additional) perfect information and the expected value with current information. The expected value of perfect information is the maximum amount a decision maker should pay for additional information that gives a perfect signal as to the state of nature.

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