RECORDING PRINCIPLE of Accrual Basis of accounting is the recording of data based upon the period in which they are earned or incurred regardless of whether cash is received or disbursed in that period. The recording principle of 'Cash Basis' is the recording of data based on a cash transaction occurrence between two parties (an actual event).
SEPARATE DETERMINATION CONCEPT holds that each component of any category of assets or liabilities should be valued separately when arriving at a total to be shown in the accounts for that category. For example, the value of each stock item should be calculated individually (at the lower of cost and net realizable value) and these values should then be totaled to give the stock figure which will appear in the accounts. Stock should not be valued at the lower of total cost and total NRV.
RISK is the measurable possibility of losing or not gaining value. Risk is different from uncertainty. Uncertainty is not measurable.
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