RECORDING PRINCIPLE of Accrual Basis of accounting is the recording of data based upon the period in which they are earned or incurred regardless of whether cash is received or disbursed in that period. The recording principle of 'Cash Basis' is the recording of data based on a cash transaction occurrence between two parties (an actual event).
LINEAR PROGRAMMING (LP), in accounting, is the mathematical approach to optimally allocating limited resources among competing activities. It is a technique used to maximize revenue, contribution margin, and profit function; or, to minimize a cost function, subject to constraints. Linear programming consists of two ingredients: (1) objective function and (2) constraints, both of which are linear. In formulating the LP problem, the first step is to define the decision variables that one is trying to solve. The next step is to formulate the objective function and constraints in terms of these decision variables.
WITHOUT PREJUDICE is to come to agreement without negating the right or ability to take some form of action in the future, e.g. a legal case can be settled without prejudice, allowing for future legal action if desired by one or more of the parties to the settlement.
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