REPURCHASE AGREEMENT (REPO) is a contract in which an investor or securities dealer sells a United States security to a bank or other corporation and agrees to repurchase the security later at a specified time and price, including interest. The investment period ranges from one day to several months, and the purchaser earns interest competitive with money market rates.
HAIRCUT is the amount of reduction in market value given to securities pledged as collateral, typically in a repurchase agreement or a reverse repurchase agreement. This reduction assures the lender of funds in this type of transaction that, even if the collateral's market value declines, there is time to call for additional collateral to bring the collateral value back up to an acceptable level.
UNDERABSORBED OVERHEAD is where total overhead has not been fully allocated to products sold or services offered. Such a condition can result in an understatement of COGS or cost of sales.
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