RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (R&D) is research as a planned activity aimed at discovery of new knowledge with the hope of developing new or improved products and services. Development is the translation of the research findings into a plan or design of new or improved products and services.
OUTCOME MEASURE measures to determine the outcome of an objective that indicate company performance at the end of a period. These are results-oriented and do not reflect a process. Examples include: Year-end Sales, Cycle Time, and Market Share. Outcome measures often appear in a BSC’s outcome-oriented Financial and Customer perspectives.
FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION is the process of restating foreign currency accounts of subsidiaries into the reporting currency of the parent company in order to prepare consolidated financial statements in the native currency of the parent company.
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