RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (R&D) is research as a planned activity aimed at discovery of new knowledge with the hope of developing new or improved products and services. Development is the translation of the research findings into a plan or design of new or improved products and services.
INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL STATEMENT (ICS) provides: a. Insights into the user's situation (= the customers situation) b. Insight into the colleague's skills and improvements of teamwork; c. Insight in the practical skills e.g. craftsmanship: from knowing how to develop and improve production methods to be capable of handling information technology etc.; d. Insights in the know-how represented in the company's processes and systems and how these can be used to improve the quality of products or services; e. Insight in the motivation or commitment as regards the further development of the company's products and services; f. Insight in the future needs for knowledge; g. Insight in the skills, competencies and qualification that can make a difference to the company.
BUDGET DEFICIT is usually the difference between government spending and revenue and thus the amount that needs to be borrowed. Definition varies between countries.
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