RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Definition

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RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (R&D) is research as a planned activity aimed at discovery of new knowledge with the hope of developing new or improved products and services. Development is the translation of the research findings into a plan or design of new or improved products and services.

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CLASSIFICATION, generally, is the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type. In accounting, there are many ways to classify information, e.g. assets, liabilities or equity and the many subsets to those three classifications.

FRESH START ACCOUNTING, upon emergence from bankruptcy, the consolidated financial statements of the "Successor Company" apply the provisions of fresh start accounting in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Under fresh start accounting, a new reporting entity, the 'Successor Company', is deemed to be created, and the recorded amounts of assets and liabilities are adjusted to reflect their fair value. As a result, the reported historical financial statements of the 'Predecessor Company' generally are not comparable to those of the "Successor Company".

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