RESTRUCTURING is the termination of employees and the reorganization of those remaining; can include reductions in plant and equipment. Restructuring is usually implemented to realize cost savings.
DUAL DATE is when a major event comes to the auditor's attention between the report date and issuance of the report; the financial statements may include the event as an adjustment or disclosure. The auditor dual dates the audit report (as of the end of workpaper review, except footnote XX, which is dated later).
FISCAL YEAR is the declared accounting year for a company, but it is not necessarily in conformance to a calendar year (January through December). However, it does cover twelve months, 52 weeks, 365 days. For example, the U.S. government fiscal year ends September 30, i.e. October 1 through September 30 is their fiscal or accounting year.
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