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RETURN ON ASSETS (ROA) shows the after tax earnings of assets. Return on assets is an indicator of how profitable a company is. Use this ratio annually to compare a business performance to the industry norms: The higher the ratio the greater the return on assets. However this has to be balanced against such factors as risk, sustainability and reinvestment in the business through development costs. 

Higher ROA is better, but extremely high ROA may be an indicator of vulnerability as to any sustainable competitive advantage.

Formula: Earnings After Tax (EAITDA) / Total Assets

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REAL, dependent upon usage, means either 1. in economics, refers to measures such as cost, price and income, which are corrected for inflation over time in order to permit a comparison of actual purchasing power; or, 2. actual cost, as opposed to nominal.

MATERIAL REQUISITION PLANNING (MRP) entire purpose is to plan for materials that are required for a particular purpose. An MRP is usually automated using transaction codes. MRP can be done for a single material item or a multilevel plan can be run for a material within a plant. MRP creates purchase requisitions, purchase orders, or planned orders for the material. This is done on the basis of the settings selected in the transactions. To take an example, a particular material item may be procured externally, in such a case; an MRP run creates requirements for that material through the respective plant from a sales document.

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