REVIEW is an accounting service providing some assurance to the Board of Directors and interested parties as to the reliability of financial data without the CPA conducting an examination in accordance with generally accepted accounting standards. The AICPA auditing standards board formulates review standards for public companies while the AICPA Accounting and Review Services Committee provides review standards for non-public businesses.
CASH-ON-CASH RETURN is the ratio of annual before-tax cash flow to the total amount of cash invested, expressed as a percentage. It is often used to evaluate the cash flow from income-producing assets. It is generally considered a quick napkin test to determine if the property qualifies for further review and analysis. Cash on Cash analyses are generally used by investors looking for properties where cash flow is king, however, some use it to determine if a property is under priced, indicating instant equity in a property. It is calculated: Annual Before-tax Cash Flow divided by the Total Cash Invested.
NONREFUNDABLE BOND is a bond issue that cannot be redeemed for a stated period of time using the proceeds from a new, lower-cost issue to finance the refunding. The bond can still be called without a refunding, but the company must use internal capital or equity funds to retire the issue. This provides some protection to the bondholder if interest rates decline significantly.
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