RULES-BASED ACCOUNTING Definition

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RULES-BASED ACCOUNTING is where specific accounting rules are set forth and must be followed in order to comply with GAAP. For example, if an airline company leases a jet, the company must follow specific GAAP rules to determine if the transaction is an operating lease or a capital lease. The main difference being that a capital lease would have to appear on the balance sheet of the airline. Therefore, two virtually identical lease transactions could be classified entirely differently based upon how they follow the GAAP leasing rules. See also PRINCIPLES-BASED ACCOUNTING.

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GRAY MARKET is the unofficial trading of securities before their formal public issue.

HIDDEN ASSET is any valued asset that is not included in the book value of a company. Companies have hidden assets such as intellectual property, or customer lists which are of great value, but not reflected in the book value.

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