RULES-BASED ACCOUNTING is where specific accounting rules are set forth and must be followed in order to comply with GAAP. For example, if an airline company leases a jet, the company must follow specific GAAP rules to determine if the transaction is an operating lease or a capital lease. The main difference being that a capital lease would have to appear on the balance sheet of the airline. Therefore, two virtually identical lease transactions could be classified entirely differently based upon how they follow the GAAP leasing rules. See also PRINCIPLES-BASED ACCOUNTING.
OFFER PRICE see ASK PRICE.
NONCOMPETITIVE BID, in securities, is a bid allowed to be placed on a noncompetitive basis by the U.S. Treasury at one of its securities auctions. A bidder in this case does not specify the price at which it wishes to purchase these securities. However, at the close of bidding, it is awarded all or part of the number of bonds it asked for at the average price of all the accepted competitive bids.
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