RUNNING TOTAL Definition

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RUNNING TOTAL is the sum of any given set of numbers that is incremented/decremented as additional numbers become available over time. For example, a retail store makes sales throughout a time period; the running total is the sum of their sales, including returns/credits, at any given point of time during that time period: day, week, month, quarter, and year.

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REVIEW is an accounting service providing some assurance to the Board of Directors and interested parties as to the reliability of financial data without the CPA conducting an examination in accordance with generally accepted accounting standards. The AICPA auditing standards board formulates review standards for public companies while the AICPA Accounting and Review Services Committee provides review standards for non-public businesses.

MONITOR, generally, is to keep tabs on; keep an eye on; or, keep under surveillance. In business, it is a person or firm appointed to review and report on, without controlling or approving, the day-to-day transactions of a business. Particulars of the engagement are usually set out in an exchange of letters, an agreement or court order.

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