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SAFETY STOCK (SS) or security stock ensures that the item is available up to the pre-defined required service level, even when the re-ordered material arrives later then expected, or the fluctuations in demand during the lead-time cause the demand to be larger then expected. See also STOCK RESERVE.

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PERPETUITY, in finance, is an annuity payable forever.

DISCOUNT RATE, generally, it is a rate of return (cost of capital) used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.  In finance, it is the interest rate that the Federal Reserve of the U.S. Government charges a U.S. bank to borrow funds when a bank is temporarily short of funds. Collateral is necessary to borrow, and such borrowing is quite limited because the Fed views it as a privilege to be used to meet short-term liquidity needs, and not a device to increase earnings.

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