SEPARATE DETERMINATION CONCEPT holds that each component of any category of assets or liabilities should be valued separately when arriving at a total to be shown in the accounts for that category. For example, the value of each stock item should be calculated individually (at the lower of cost and net realizable value) and these values should then be totaled to give the stock figure which will appear in the accounts. Stock should not be valued at the lower of total cost and total NRV.
CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN is a document that states where the goods were made. This document is legally required for many countries for the importation of merchandise.
CLEARANCE LETTER is a documented certification from a recognized authority that the cleared entity has satisfied certain requirements, payments, actions, etc.
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