STANDBY LETTER OF CREDIT is a guarantee of payment. If the beneficiary does not get paid from its customer it can then demand payment from the customers Bank by forwarding the copy of the invoice that was not paid along with predetermined supporting documentation.
RETROACTIVE is to affect and modify things past, e.g. a retroactive tax increase.
FUNDS EMPLOYED, normally, is the average of Net Working Capital plus Fixed Assets held at the beginning and end of the financial year.
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