STOCK RESERVE (SR) or buffer stock is a stock quantity which is based on the normal average expected consumption during the lead-time to replenish depleted stock. See also SAFETY STOCK.
GOVERNMENT PROVISION OF DEPOSIT INSURANCE affects banks' demands for deposits and households' (and others') supply of deposits to banks. The banking industry models deposit insurance premiums that banks pay as a fixed share of deposits. As is the case for many government subsidies, the government subsidies attributable to the under-pricing of deposit insurance are likely to be shared with depositors (and bank customers more generally) because that subsidy lowers the cost of providing that insurance. In response to the subsidy, banks raise the deposit interest rates that they pay. In doing so, banks transfer some of the government subsidy to depositors.
FIRM is members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments, e.g. a legal or accounting firm.
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