STOCK SALE is where the equity price is assumed to include the operating assets and operating liabilities of the sellers business and not include the long term liabilities assumed. The long term liabilities assumed are shown as a separate line item and when added to the equity price results in the deal price. In those transactions indicated as an asset sale the equity price is assumed to include the operating assets.
ACCOUNTING CYCLE is the sequence of steps in preparing the financial statements for a given period. It refers to the fact that because financial reports are given each period (usually a year) there are a set of steps (cycle) taken each period that result in the reports and preparation for the next period or cycle. The term cycle is used because every period there is a start and an end. The cycle usually starts with the budget, goes through the journal entries, adjusting entries, posting to the accounts, financial reports, and closings.
CONTINGENCY BUDGET is the amount of money required to implement a contingency plan. If an authorized entity approves a contingency plan, it would normally set aside a contingency budget, which would only be called upon if the contingency plan had to be implemented.
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