STOCK SALE is where the equity price is assumed to include the operating assets and operating liabilities of the sellers business and not include the long term liabilities assumed. The long term liabilities assumed are shown as a separate line item and when added to the equity price results in the deal price. In those transactions indicated as an asset sale the equity price is assumed to include the operating assets.
ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL DEBTS see ALLOWANCE FOR BAD DEBTS.
YEAR-END ADJUSTMENT is the process of adjusting the entry to an account at the end of the calendar or fiscal year in order to properly state it for financial statement preparation purposes. The various required adjustments include accrual or deferral of a revenue or expense item, reclassification, to conform book figures to physical inventory counts, and reflecting unusual transactions.
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