STRIPS, in securities, is dividing a Treasury bond or mortgage-backed security into its principal and interest payments and selling the claims to these payments as new and separate securities. The principal portion is called a principal only (PO) security, and the interest portion is called an interest only (IO) security
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATE is when a company must make assumptions about matters that are "highly uncertain" when the company makes the accounting estimate and either of the following conditions would have a material effect on the company's financial condition, changes in financial condition or results of operations: 1. the company could reasonably have used a different estimate for the current period; or, 2.changes in the estimate are reasonably likely to occur from period to period in the future.
PRIVATE PLACEMENT (DEBT) is the sale of a bond or other security directly to a limited number of investors; used in the context of general equities. For example, sale of stocks, bonds, or other investments directly to an institutional investor like an insurance company, avoiding the need for the registration with the regulator if the securities are purchased for investment as opposed to resale.
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